Fluctuation is an indicator of the organization's activities related to human resources, its growth almost always points to events, problems, and errors that hinder the efficient and effective operation of the organization in the long run. In Hungary, the fluctuation rate is between about 30-50%, which varies depending on the geographical location. Fluctuation shows the rate of labor turnover, which is determined as a function of entrants, exits, and total headcount per year.
The reason for the departure of the workforce may be an internal problem or an external reason, which means workers leaving voluntarily or as a result of the dismissal. The age and gender composition of employees also greatly influence the degree of fluctuation. While the propensity to switch is more common in some age groups, gender roles can also be a strong motivating factor. While for men, the goal is to increase advancement and earnings and provide family support, for women, incompatibility with homework may spur change.
A positive assessment of the above factors within the company supports the retention of employees, as do well-established performance standards, fair conditions, and incentive schemes. As a result of good working conditions, the employee will not be dissatisfied, in which the definition of a good job plays a big role, but the appreciation of work and the evaluation of good performance are also extremely important. However, valuing work covers not only financial benefits but also ensuring that workers work safely and healthily. This can create a positive work atmosphere, which also has a strong retaining effect. Ensuring adequate work safety and ergonomic conditions reduces the expected rate of fluctuation. Respectively, providing these conditions sends a positive message to employees. On the one hand, working does not become a suffering, an everyday depressing burden under good conditions, and on the other hand, attention to workers assures them of the importance of their role and work. Thus, in addition to many other things, selection, job assignment, job definition, the provision of good working conditions can also reduce the fluctuation value and force employees to stay in the long run.
It is common for other firms to be attracted to better offers from other firms as an external factor, however, good conditions are a leading factor in importance, so the role and impact of workplace ergonomics is also important in modifying fluctuating trends.
In terms of labor, inputs start from a very high level at the time of hiring, while the initial productivity of the employee is low. The longer an employee can be retained, the less it costs and the more it benefits, so it is in the interest of employers to prove to employees that they want to stay.